ADHD is increasingly becoming a common problem for many children around the world and is becoming worryingly irritating for their parents, teachers and relatives. If left untreated, ADHD can result in serious disruptions in the daily life of the child affected.
Everyday scientists spends hours doing research to find a complete cure for this condition but unfortunately at this moment there is no complete cure for ADHD but with proper treatment and care the symptoms can be reduced and it can ensured that the disorder won’t interrupt in the daily life of the child.
The treatment of ADHD can be classified into four broad categories; Medications, Therapy, Alternate Medicines and Habits/Lifestyle.
Basically two types of medications are used to relieve the symptoms of ADHD and they are methylphenidate and atomoxetine.
Methylphenidate works by stimulating the level of activity in the brain area which is responsible for attention and behavior. However, for adults it is suggested that this medicine is administered under controlled supervision. Even though it is effective, this medication does have some minor side-effects such as difficulty in sleeping, headaches and reduced appetite for food.
The second commonly used medicine atomoxetine is completely different from because it is a SNRI (Selective Noradrenalin Uptake Inhibitor) and its primary function is to increase level of noradrenalin in the brain. This medicine helps in controlling of impulsive urges and helps in better concentration and focus on a subject. However, this drug is known to cause dizziness, nausea and headaches to children and adults who are prescribed this drug. Furthermore, in worse case atomoxetine can also result in failure of kidneys.
We have seen that medicine can be effective but it also has some undesired side-effects which may be harmful to the patient. Therefore, many parents prefer treating their ADHD diagnosed child with the help of Therapy. For this, there are two types of therapies; Behavior therapy and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy.
Behavior therapy is all about managing the behavior of the patient. It involves reward and punishment for appropriate and inappropriate behavior respectively. For example, rewarding a child for being disciplined and eating properly at the dining table. This also includes praising the child for the little things that are good for him/her and the environment. This will motivate the child and re-enforce the behavior.
The second most common type of therapy CBT involves a professional and licensed therapist who’s main job is to change the perspective of the child by finding out what the that child thinks about a particular situation. If the thinking of the child is inappropriate for a described situation then the therapist will try to rectify the thinking of the patient.
Some people are not comfortable with medicine or therapy at all. For them, there are alternate ways to control and reduce the symptoms of ADHD. These alternate treatments include restriction of certain food or adopting some healthy activities.
Parents should prepare a diet plan for their child which minimizes the intake of artificial food colors and preservatives as they have been linked with causing hyperactivity in some children. Also allergic food and things should be avoided if you think the child is vulnerable to potential allergens such as eggs, milk, peaches, peanut and etc.
The parents should also add certain supplements to the diet of a child to aid in improving the symptoms. These symptoms generally include Zinc, L-carnitine, magnesium and vitamin b6.
Furthermore, a good relaxing massage every once in a while has also proven to be effective in helping reduce the symptoms.
I would conclude by saying that the treatment options mentioned above are just for informational purposes and is in no way meant to be an alternate to the consultation and treatment of a professional doctor. However, I would like to add that the best treatment is one that is equally balanced between medications, therapies and behavioral changes.